a good cv consists of various sections.

Your cv isn't a standard document: it's your personal entry ticket to the job market. It provides information about you, your education, interests, abilities and work experience. Your cv also contains your contact details: your mobile number, email address, LinkedIn profile and possibly your Twitter account.


1. personal details:

List all your contact details together (name, address, telephone number, email address). After that, list all your other personal information that you want to share (nationality, date and place of birth, possibly marital status). Leave out headings such as 'name', 'address', 'telephone number' etc. These make your cv unnecessarily cluttered.

2. education:

List your highest level of education (primary, secondary, higher etc.). List the name of your course first, followed by the name of the educational institution and dates. It might also be worth listing courses that you have not completed on your cv if they are relevant to the positions you are applying for. If you decide to do list an uncompleted course, do so in a positive way. For example: 'BA in Tourism - 2 years completed', and not 'BA in Tourism - did not graduate.'

3. courses:

List any courses you have taken that are relevant to the job you're applying for.

4. experience:

Make a list of your experience. This might be previous or currents jobs, as well as internships, holiday work, volunteering etc. be specific. First list your role, then the company and period you worked there. Then, list your responsibilities if these are relevant. This will allow a potential employer to assess whether you have the right experience more quickly. Have you had many jobs (interim jobs, others etc.)? Your potential employer might get the impression that you're unable to stay in any one job for long. In this case, try grouping together similar experiences. Do you not have any work experience yet? Don't worry. Focus on relevant experiences you had during your time as a student: internships, final assignments, projects, student jobs, volunteer work, etc. Also, give a concise and clear description of exactly what you did and what skills you needed.

5. languages:

Sum up all the languages you are able to speak. Indicate your proficiency in these languages (basic, intermediate, good, fluent, mother tongue). You can also divide language knowledge into comprehension – speaking – writing. For example, you might be able to speak French better than you write it, or understand English well but not speak it as fluently.

6. it skills:

Clearly state which specific programs or applications you can use.

7. skills:

Sell yourself by emphasising the skills that are relevant for the job you are applying for. You might be able to categorise them, for example: professional skills (analytical thinking, strong organisational skills, strategic insight etc.), personal skills (ability to work under stress, social skills, strong communication skills etc.). Language and IT skills can also be two categories instead of separate headings.

TIP: Support these with specific examples and facts. For example, a handyman might explain their ability to 'work well with their hands' like this: “A while back, I renovated some of my house myself. For example, I ripped out the floor and laid a new one; and installed a new bathroom, for which I had to remodel the fixtures. I also updated a large part of the house's wiring.”

8. hobbies:

List a couple of hobbies if they are relevant to the job! For example: if you are a young educator who volunteers to help people with a disability, if you are an auto mechanic who buys wrecked cars and completely fixes them up in their spare time, if you are a handyman who has renovated their house,... .

9. references:

You can decide to include one or two referees. This can provide you with an extra advantage. A couple of tips: Inform your referees that you are including them in your cv and ask if they would be happy to provide a reference. Choose people who you are 100% sure have a positive opinion of you. List their role, telephone number and the company they work for. No work experience? Then choose a teacher or internship supervisor as your referee. Or, if you've attended any additional courses: an instructor. 

10. additional information:

In this section, include all other information that might be important or interesting for your application. For example: what driving licence you have, and whether you own a car. Whether you are eligible for an employment measure or individual professional training (Individuele Beroepsopleiding - IBO). The date you can start on, work schedule you want to work in or a film to accompany your cv.